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To choose a proper forklift, you must be clearly aware of its operational condition and tasks. First of all, you should answer the two questions: where and what? Where the machinery is going to be employed, on internal or external areas, and what type of cargo it is going to transport. Thus, we shall define the main principles of forklifts – its gear type and carrying (hoisting) capacity.
For operation on internal sites, electrically driven forklifts, operating on the basis of gear battery, are usually used. In some cases, there is no alternative to these forklifts – small poorly conditioned premises, high fire-safety requirements, food, medicines, etc. Besides, their electric gears work practically soundless and are more portable than internal combustion engines, permitting these type of electrically driven forklifts to easily maneuver in narrow aisles between the shelves. Electrically driven forklifts are three-wheeled and four-wheeled. Three-wheeled electrically driven forklifts have one back wheel (usually doubled), allowing their maneuver ability. Four-wheeled electrically driven forklifts are more steady and thus may have greater carrying capacity. Electrically driven forklifts are more expensive than forklifts with internal combustion engines, but their resource is significantly greater, their operational expenses being smaller.
Forklifts, or forklifts with internal combustion engines, are better to be employed in the open air. They are of different types, according to the type of the fuel they consume – diesel, petrol, gas or gas-and-petrol. These forklifts have certain advantages. They do not need regular charging, which excludes downtime, they are more powerful than electrically driven forklifts (the most powerful are diesel forklifts, and the most universal are gas or gas-and-petrol forklifts – they can be employed in premises and are usually supplied with exhaust catalytic neutralizer). There also are off-road models with enlarged clearance and pulling power; such forklifts are employed at farms, forestry enterprises and other open-air sites where road coating is unavailable.
On average, forklifts with internal combustion engines cost a bit less than electrically driven forklifts, but their operational and service expenses should be taken into account.
One more important feature of all the types of forklifts is their wheel type. For work on even surfaces, low-profile wheels with tight bandage tyres are applied; such tyres are mechanical damage proof, and long-lasting. If the forklift is predicted to work on uneven surfaces and /or will have to break through insignificant obstacles, like doorsteps, pneumatic tyres are better option since they have better amortization characteristics and besides, they are cheaper. There is also an “in-between” variant – superelastic tyres. These are solid tyres, absolutely substitutive, and coincide in their dimension, protector track and carrying capacity with ordinary tyres, but the main advantage is that they are long-lasting and do not require servicing.
Forklifts may be supplied with various mounted equipment. The most popular is the palette-grasping forks. Besides frontal fork design, they may of lateral type – for long-length items transportation. In addition, forklifts may be supplied with a telescope arrow to allow all kind of grasping, with a crane, bucket, hoister and fork extension.
Triometal Service LLC offers all types of electrically-driven forklifts as well as other types of forklifts, assembly and spare parts as well as warranty and post-warranty service.